Milestone Delay - Speech

When a child does not develop their language and speech skills to the expected level within the normal age range, it is referred to as speech milestone delay. This delay may show up as issues with articulation, learning new words, or sentence construction. Speech milestone delays may be a sign of underlying problems, and supporting and addressing the child’s communication development requires prompt intervention, frequently with the assistance of a speech therapist.

Milestone Delay - Speech
  • 12 months: Child is not using gestures to communicate, such as pointing or waving
  • 18 months:Child prefers gestures to vocalizations, has difficulty mimicking noises
  • 2 years: Says only few sounds or words
  • 2 years: unable to use oral language to convey information beyond their immediate needs.
  • by 2 years: Peculiar voice tone

Stuttering

Stuttering is a speech disorder characterised by recurrent and severe difficulties with regular fluency and speech flow. It is also referred to as stammering or childhood-onset fluency disorder. Young children frequently stutter as a natural part of learning to speak.

Stuttering
  • Having trouble beginning a word, sentences, or phrase
  • extending a term or a sound of a word
  • excessive tightness, strain, or facial or upper body movement during speech production
  • Anxiety while talking

Articulation Disorder

The physical production of speech sounds is a challenge for people with articulation disorder. This disorder may make it difficult for a person to pronounce some sounds correctly, to substitute one sound for another, to omit sounds, or to distort speech. Speech therapy is frequently used to help people with their articulation, enabling them to communicate more effectively by speaking more clearly and precisely.

Articulation Disorder
  • Addition: When a word or syllable is added that doesn’t belong there.
  • Distortion: Altering a sound, which can make “s” sound like “th,” giving the impression of a lisp.
  • Omission: Completely omitting a certain sound from their speech.
  • Substitution: Constantly replacing one sound with another.

What are the possible interventions for managing speech difficulties or delay?

Speech-language pathology interventions include a variety of individualised strategies. One popular method is speech therapy, which entails articulation, language, and communication skills exercises. To effectively address and manage speech issues, assistive technologies, collaboration with parents and educators, and augmentative and alternative communication methods are essential.

How can a speech therapist help?

A speech therapist uses specific exercises to improve language development in order to address delayed speech milestones. Therapists use techniques to enhance vocabulary, sentence structure, and general communication abilities in order to treat language problems. Therapists employ specific techniques to encourage confident, fluent speech patterns and lessen disfluencies in patients who stutter or stammer. Their specialised interventions are designed to target particular issues and help people with a range of speech difficulties communicate effectively and confidently.